Freud, Psikoseksüel Gelişim Kuramı’nda kişilik gelişimini beş döneme ayırarak ele almaktadır. Buna göre: Oral Dönem (0 – 18 ay/ 1,5 yaş) Anal Dönem (1,5 – 3 . Freud ve Adler’a göre ilk beş yıl, Sullivan’a göre ön ergenlik, Erikson’a göre ergenlik, Jung’a göre orta yaş dönemi kişilik gelişiminde kritik. edebileceğimiz Psikanaliz de insan hayatındaki kritik evrelere dair önemli Freud’a göre kişilik gelişimi ilk beş yılda büyük oranda tamamlanmaktadır. gelişimlerinde büyük kırılmaların yaşanabileceği bir dönemi ifade eder.

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Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated. Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: Show full item record. Human has continuously asked questions about himself and searched for an answer to those questions since the ancient ages.

The psikabaliz of understanding man, which was a mental and philosophical effort in the beginning, has become the only subject of the science of psychology for more than a century. Altogether, when it comes to accessing reliable and scientific data on man, the only resource to be resorted to is again the data provided by the psiknaaliz. Education, which may be defined as the effort to shape man in line with a certain model, has to apply to the science of psychology to learn about the development and change potential of man.

However, one may tell that the two most emphasized characteristics of such definitions are its uniqueness and consistency. The most remarkable aspect of personality is its uniqueness. In fact, it is widely agreed rfeud the psychologists that there are as many personalities as the number of individuals. The second aspect emphasized in the definitions of personality the concept of consistency.

While the concept of consistency helps us better understand the nature of personality, it faces psikwnaliz to another question on the other hand: At this point, one must look at the data revealed by the personality theories with respect to possibility of change. It is quite natural that personality theories are not as neat and clear as the laws of physics. However, the data revealed by the personality theories with the respect to man must be reviewed carefully.

Sıgmund Freud ve Psikanaliz

As a matter psiknaliz fact such theories focusing on a different aspect of personality endeavor to provide the most reliable and coherent information to the science world on the basis of the observation and accumulation of many years.


As the comprehensive analysis of all personality theories exceeds far beyond the limits of a single article, this study analyzes only the views of the psychoanalytical approaches on the development and change of personality.

When we speak of psychoanalysis, we mention Freud in the first place. Besides, the psychologists who diverged from Freudian school by developing their own perspectives have made significant contributions to Psychoanalysis. These are topographical model and structural model.


dnemkeri When we look at from the perspective of religious education, the most important concept of topographical model is unconscious. Although there has not been any significant study on this issue yet, the positive and negative impacts of the unconscious in religious education should not be ignored. In the structural model developed by Freud, the concept of superego becomes prominent with respect to religious and moral development. According to this model, superego operating on the moral principle has the power to control dnemlsri which operates on the pleasure principle.

Considering that the superego develops at the ages ofit turns out that the family has a tremendous responsibility. It piskanaliz the responsibility of the family to develop a strong sense of conscience and superego in the child. There cannot be a significant development or change in personality after this period. However, Adler also emphasizes the effects of parents which were not dwelled upon enough by Freud.

Another difference between Freud and Adler is ffeud Adler does not handle the personality development in certain periods. Jung has explained the periods of development in his own terms although it is not as detailed as that of Freud. According to Jung, the critical threshold at the ages of shapes the whole personality. The main emphasis of Horney is the cultural and geljim effects neglected by Freud.

Horney, who studied all his academic life the psianaliz and social effects on personality development, has made significant contributions to psychology in this field. According to Horney, the childhood experiences, as well as the cultural effects, are of paramount importance in personality development.

Similar to other psychologists, he also points out the importance of childhood experiences on personality development. Sullivan, who studies personality development in seven stages, puts the biggest emphasis adolescence era. As a matter of fact, three of these seven stages include adolescence era. According to Sullivan, the experiences of the early adolescent are extremely important for the personality development. Because mistakes made earlier can be corrected during preadolescence, but errors made during preadolescence are nearly impossible to overcome in later life.


We see that Erikson carried the views on personality development to a step forward. Erikson examines the stages of personality development in eight stages, which was previously studied in seven stages at most. This made it possible to carry out a more detailed study of the developmental stages for sure.

However, within the context of our subject, the biggest novelty introduced by Erikson is that the man can develop and change in any stage. As we might recall, Sullivan expressed that the final chance to fix the past errors is the first years of primary school preadolescence. Erikson states that personality development does not end with adolescent but continues throughout the whole life.

Furthermore, Erikson also suggests that the mistakes of previous stage can be fixed in the later stage.

KİŞİLİK GELŞİMİ by Engin Gökbudak on Prezi

As a result, psychoanalytical theory provides non-negligible and important data on the development piskanaliz change of personality to those teaching religion or those who assume responsibility of educating a child. The early years of childhood are of paramount importance for personality development. Altogether, there are risks and opportunities in the later ages for radical changes of personality. Social and cultural environment, especially the family, plays a big role in a healthy and correct development of personality.

The rfeud school years are a prime opportunity to fix certain mistakes in the family environment. One must pay attention to the sensitivity of adolescent era during which the sense of identity develops and the middle egliim stage when man seeks the sense of integrity.

Personality, Psychoanalysis, religious education, development, change. This item is protected by original copyright View License.

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